There is an opinion that jewelry has excellent attractive power, and a person cannot resist the stone's power. And indeed, many crowned heads turned out to be at the mercy of jewelry.
In the Middle Ages, the palaces of the rulers of the Muslim world were famous for their abundance of jewelry. From the shores of the Arabian Gulf, from fabulously wealthy India and Persia, amazing and unique treasures spread worldwide. And the rulers of Asian countries themselves were incredibly rich.
And the rest of the precious stones in the Persian treasury were more significant than the nail of an adult's little finger (the other shahs were not interested). What kind of stones did not the Persian rulers have! Beautiful turquoise, sapphires, rare rubies, and pearls the size of nuts. Huge bowls have pearls, rubies, and emeralds.
There are many legends about the fabulous riches of the Mughal dynasty. The stories had seven golden thrones, one decorated with diamonds, another with rubies, a third with sapphires, and a fourth with pearls.
The fashion for precious stones from Asia quickly spread to Europe. The European rulers sought to be inferior to the Asian ones.
The Dukes of Burgundy (France) devoted their whole lives to collecting treasures. In their collections, you could find jewelry for every taste. Charles V was passionate about hoarding jewelry. He contained countless diamonds, emeralds, rubies, and other stones. In the power of the stones was the English Queen Elizabeth. She had a lot of jewelry. Every time she tried to put on as much jewelry as possible, she hardly went out to receptions under their load.
Men also collected jewelry and loved to flaunt them, impress others with luxury. How many rings do you think you can put on your fingers? Ten? Twenty? Or maybe thirty? The English king Henry III managed to decorate his fingers with hundreds of rings! The French king Louis XIV did not know the measure in jewelry either. At various receptions, he wore some diamonds worth about 12 million francs. He could not withstand such a large amount of jewelry during the entire reception, so, having amazed those present with the abundance of his treasures, he hurriedly left to change clothes.
The passion for jewelry did not pass by the Russian rulers either.
Even they, accustomed to luxury, were amazed by the wealth of the Russian court. According to them, the Grand dresses in a long dress made of forged gold. His head had a crown, which the prince changed three times at dinner.
From time immemorial, the red ruby has been considered the most royal of the stones by royal persons. Almost all royal and royal regalia had with these stones. So, the scepter of the Russian tsars had 96 rubies, the state - 123. There are "only" four rubies shining on the famous Monomakh hat, but they are huge.
Of course, the wives of the grand dukes also tried to keep up with their high-ranking husbands. Irina Fedorovna Godunova, the wife of Grand Duke Fyodor Ivanovich, impressed the overseas guests with the beauty and splendor of jewelry. According to the ambassadors, it was impossible to look at the queen without admiration, so beautiful was her outfit. Her head has a crown of dazzling brilliance. It consisted of precious stones and pearls.
They are into 12 identical towers.
Long emerald chains fell from both sides of the crown.
All the princess's clothes have precious stones.
The English merchant Richard Chancellor, who arrived in Moscow in the XVI century, was greatly surprised by the luxury. "I have never heard of such wealth and have never seen such luxury," he recalled.
The reign of Catherine II can be called the century of luxury. Diamonds and other precious stones were in fashion at that time. The Empress loved jewelry herself and lavished them on her entourage. Prince Potemkin received a lot of precious stones as a gift from Catherine.
He liked to layout various figurines from expensive jewelry in his spare time. Potemkin never paid for losing money, an avid card player, preferring to give away the gems he received from his patroness. If the prince parted with jewels so quickly, try to imagine how many he had! All his outfits have diamonds. At one of the receptions, Potemkin appeared in a hat decorated with hundreds of precious stones. However, the prince never put it on again — it was too heavy. His adjutant wore the beloved hat after Potemkin.