Modern technologies of jewelry making

Modern technologies of jewelry making

Jewelry production is directly connected with the markets of precious metals. Jewelry manufacturers purchase bullion gold on the world precious metals trading markets, the largest of which are the exchanges located in London and Zurich.
Gold mining companies supply the principal amount of primary gold is provided to the market by gold mining companies. Modern large deposits of indigenous gold are located in South Africa, Russia, Canada, the USA, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Zimbabwe, the Dominican Republic, the Philippines, and many other countries.
There has been an increased demand for jewelry made of platinum group metals in the jewelry industry in recent years. The primary platinum and platinum group metals deposits are concentrated in South Africa, Canada, Colombia, the USA, and Australia. Russia has the largest deposits of palladium.
In recent years, palladium has been used in jewelry production as an alternative metal to nickel to produce white gold. The introduction of palladium into the alloy significantly improves its technological properties, giving it high malleability. The products do not tarnish, have high decorative properties, and are inexpensive.
Jewelry production is a complex process that includes the development of jewelry design. The selection of stones and metals, the most OK fitting of parts, soldering, various ways of fastening inserts, decorative and artistic processing of products. There are four directions in modern jewelry production: manual, stamp, casting, machine tool. Depending on the level of use of manual labor, essential technologies can be grouped into three groups: with the help of manual labor, with partial use of manual labor, excluding the use of manual labor. Each group of products corresponds to a specific technology, which includes the development and manufacture of the author's model, the use of various raw materials, the features of replication of the model, and product marketing.
In the modern world, there is an explicit specialization of jewelry-producing countries. According to the latest design trends, Italy produces diamonds and colored stones made of 18-carat gold. She remains a leader in developing new trends in the design of jewelry collections. Currently, Italian jewelry production is concentrated in the northern and central parts of the country, in Vicenza, Florence, Valenza, and Arezzo.
Switzerland manufactures watch cases made of precious metals of 14- and 18-carat gold with diamonds. Massive hollow products are made in Germany. Turkey specializes in products without inserts or imitations of precious stones made of 14-karat gold. Thailand produces gold products with inserts of emeralds, diamonds, sapphires of commercial quality from its own deposits.
Silver products made according to the models of famous designers, products with small diamonds, amber products are made in Poland.
International jewelry exhibitions are held in the most prominent jewelry production and trade centers.
The largest exhibition is in Basel (Switzerland). It takes place once a year in the spring.
Representative jewelry exhibitions are held in the oldest Renaissance city of Vicenza. New achievements of jewelry design of famous companies are usually demonstrated at Italian shows since Italy is the leading supplier of exclusive products to the European market.
Fashion accessories and costume jewelry are exhibited at the Paris exhibition "Bijorka" and in Poland, in Gdansk.

Modern technologies of jewelry making

Currently, there are many different mechanical and manual methods of artistic metalworking. Some ways originated in ancient times but have not lost their significance in our days: engraving, casting, scanning, etc. They are still based on manual processing techniques, labor-intensive, inefficient, and applicable to unique works (embossing, painted enamel, notching, etc.).

The latest type of casting, electrochemical processing. Often jewelry is made by the machine, sometimes the economical device, and can produce massive art products (stamping, sheet, and bulk, machine cutting, pressing, etc.).
Modern designer jewelry, choosing a particular technology to realize his plan, should consider the peculiarities of the various processing methods that influence shaping the products and their aesthetic.
A piece of jewelry made using a particular technology inevitably acquires certain features and characteristic features inherent in it. Forged and diffused products have softness and plasticity.
Cutting processing allows you to get sharp corners and precise edges; products made by scanned technology are distinguished by openwork.
Gone are the days when the bulk of jewelry was made by hand. Today, the specific weight of casting accounts for more than half of the production of all jewelry enterprises. There are types of products that are cheaper and better in machine execution than manual labor products. These are chains. However, high-performance technologies generate mass production of the same products, reducing customer demand. Therefore, with the growth of high-performance technologies, individual execution according to the customer's taste increases. Hand-made unique production is the basis for developing modern technologies and new styles of jewelry art.
In jewelry technology, serial production is considered to produce one sample exceeding 200 pieces. Single production is the production of products of one model up to 200 pieces. According to the author's drawing, the production of a single product is considered individually. Products made by hand cost several orders of magnitude higher than replicated ones.
To diagnose the method of manufacturing a particular piece of jewelry. It is necessary to have an idea about the features of the technological processes of jewelry production.
Non-categorical or exclusive jewelry items are considered made single copy according to the sketches of the artist-designer. This type of product is very different from the pricing for serial jewelry. Exclusive products are made using another technology. "high jewelry art" denotes fine jewelry work by a unique design refinement. Such products are usually made in one copy. They use precious stones of the highest quality.
In jewelry made by hand, the weight of precious metal and the cost of stones occupy a small share of the product's total price. The main feature of making exclusive jewelry is that every detail is made by hand by a master. Therefore, the price of exclusive jewelry always considers the design and quality of the finish. Ignoring the structure and its complexity in determining the cost of jewelry and proceeding only from the content and weight of gold is the same as evaluating a painting based on the cost of paint and canvas. Design is essential for the product's appearance and because its individual elements affect the convenience, durability when wearing.
And ease of handling the product. A famous designer designs a product, especially if it is made in a single copy or limited. It almost always costs more than a serial one, having the same weight and fixed stones. After all, skill, work, and the name of the master are invested in it. In addition, manufacturing costs are covered by one consumer, and not distributed among many, as is the case with mass-produced products.
In jewelry design, high-quality elaboration of an artistic image is of great importance. The style plays the most significant role in creating jewelry, setting the designer a creative program.
Forms an aesthetic ideal dictates images and silhouette forms, determines the pace of obsolescence of jewelry. The style orients the designer to process diverse ideas into a single holistic system. Every detail is subordinated to a standard plan.
Many well-known jewelry companies have developed their own style, their business card. This style also affects the increased cost of jewelry from a particular collection.
The formation of the high price of exclusive jewelry is influenced by the quality and rarity of the selected stones. The originality of the design, the level of execution complexity modeling, the completeness of the product, and the manufacturer's name or designer of the jewelry.