The increased interest in jadeite is explained by it being an integral part of Chinese culture. In early Chinese writing, a hieroglyph in the form of a string of jade beads denoted the concept of "king." To this day, jade beads symbolize high position and power in China. Jade plays a vital role in the Chinese wedding ceremony, as this stone is considered the "concentrated essence of love."
Although not too hard, this is a very durable, translucent, or opaque jewelry stone. There are two types of jade - actually, jadeite and jade, which, in essence, are two minerals that are not similar, differing in weight, hardness, and color.
Actually, jadeite is represented by a wide variety of colors compared to jade: green, white, and lilac. Currently, there is no generally accepted system for assessing the quality of jadeite. Some, for example, consider color to be the most essential quality, others - translucency, others - combinations of various properties, etc.
Best jadeite colors – EMERALD GREEN.
Jade is a piece of jewelry and ornamental stone characterized by high strength, clarity, and various colors. This is a very durable translucent or opaque stone, often used in carvings. Still, most often, it has a dark green color.
Jade is jewelry and ornamental stone characterized by high strength, various colors, transparency.
Jade is widespread enough. Jade deposits are known in Canada, the USA, New Zealand, Australia, China, Poland, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Zimbabwe, Russia, Central Asia, and Southern Kazakhstan.
According to the texture, jade is divided into three groups: homogeneous, spotted, and spotted-interspersed. The composition of all three groups includes decorative varieties that differ in color and tone.
The nephrites are homogeneous.
This group of nephrites, in most cases, is characterized by uniform color and high clarity. Macroscopically homogeneous nephrites are white, green of different shades, gray, black, honey.
Homogeneous green jade is high-grade jewelry and ornamental material. They have brightly colored green tones – from light to dark green - and shine through in blanks up to 1.5 cm thick. Chinese stone cutters among green jade distinguish leafy-green, salad-green, apple-green, spinach-green. Green nephrites have a microfibre structure; inclusions of an ore mineral with a size of 2-3 mm are clearly distinguished in them, the content of which sometimes reaches 15%. A small number of such inclusions do not reduce the stone's artistic and decorative qualities.
Jade is a homogeneous grayish-green, unlike green jade, has a smoky hue, i.e., the brightness and juiciness of the green tone are more or less muted. This type of jade is found with green stripes and spots that merge. It shines through nicely.
Homogeneous gray jade is a relatively rare variety. Its color is uneven, with alternating gray and light (whitish) areas. Dotted white and dark inclusions of carbonate and chlorite scattered in the rock mass are clearly visible through the lumen in plates with a 1 - 1.2 mm thickness.
Jade homogeneous white has a snow-white color, more often with a faint bluish, yellowish, greenish, or grayish tint. Macroscopically, white jade is characterized by the most uniform and fine-fibrous structure compared to other varieties.
Homogeneous honey jade has a yellowish-brown color of various densities, shines through in plates up to 1 cm thick. It detects an almost homogeneous addition, only in some parts there is a weak intensity.
Homogeneous black jade is rare. Macroscopically, it is a massive black rock that accepts polishing well.
Jade mottled and spotted-interspersed
Jade spotted tobacco. This name is a speckled, grayish-greenish-brown variety of jade. In plates, up to 1 cm thick, jade shines through. Then the unevenness of color due to the accumulation of a particular mineral is clearly visible.
Jade spotted grayish-green is characterized by an uneven soft grayish-green color with a faint bluish tinge.
Jade spotted dark green is a dense mottled. In places with a landscape pattern, rock is not illuminated or partially translucent in plates up to 1 cm thick.
Jade spotted greenish-blue has a dark bluish-green color; it shines through in plates up to 0.5 cm.
Small-spotted jade is an ornamental material characterized by dark, white, light gray, bright green spots.
The properties of jade are unique. It encourages a person to change and change, both internal and external. This is the stone of evolution. It is powerful in energy; it can transfer its energy charge to you and bring you out of a dead end.
Jade amulets are credited with the power to protect the owner from otherworldly forces to ensure his longevity and family well-being.
About the Neolithic Hongshan jade culture
One of the earliest is the Neolithic Hongshan culture, which arose approximately 6,500 years ago on the lands lying between Inner Mongolia and the modern Chinese provinces of Liaoning and Hebei.
Its heyday was in 4700-2900 BC. Ultimately, the people of the Hongshan culture were supposed to have created the first public education in China. They were the first to start processing jade, carving impressive figures and ornaments out of it.
This is a well-known example of a work of Hongshan culture, called today the Sun God... but. Even scientists and researchers still do not know any history of the appearance of this Deity. Some believe that we are talking about the sun God (like the ancient Egyptian God Ra).
Others are sure that the story of the appearance of the figurine is connected with shamanism. During ceremonies, shamans performed rituals in unique frightening masks to ward off evil spirits. Allegedly, later Hongshan people began to make such figures of a shaman in a mask as a talisman.
But some researchers put quite bold hypotheses that in this case. The image of this unusual Deity was copied from representatives of unearthly civilizations who could appear here for some purpose of their own.
It is no accident that there are many meteorite products in the Hongshan culture. The locals were very sensitive to the fallen cosmic bodies and the territory of their fall.
The Mysterious Hongshan Culture
Figurines of unknown creatures were discovered during archaeological excavations in Nyuheliang.
By the way, it was with Hongshan that the cult of the Dragon originated in China. How it really happened — no one still knows. But the Hongshan culture will forever remain one of the most essential historical cycles in the life of the whole of China. And in every corner of the Celestial Empire, you will definitely find pieces of this story. In the form of figures, first of all. And there are pretty many figures with dragon heads in Hongshan products. The truth is sometimes specific, with the tail rolled into a ring…
A natural sensation at the time was the discovery of an underground temple in which they worshipped (presumably) The goddess of fertility… However, this sanctuary is only part of the ancient ritual complex of Nyuhelyan, which occupies 50 square meters. Scientists believe that these structures (with vertical stones and circles) have an astronomical character. Perhaps these landmarks were used to observe astronomical phenomena. It can be seen from the buildings that some complex rituals related to the cult of Heaven and Earth were performed in the sanctuary. But what kind of rites they were, what kind of Deities are unknown. There was no such culture anywhere else in China. There are no traditions about her. Only ancient figurines, ancient idols, and a mysterious ritual complex…
Apparently, they considered it a sacred stone since jade products are often found in graves belonging to this culture. It is believed that it was during the Huangshan era that the dragon cult originated in China.