How do I make my choice? What criteria should be followed when choosing your jewelry?
First of all, decide how much money you are willing to spend on its purchase. This will save you from confusion and temptations in the future, and therefore from disappointments. Even if the deferred amount is modest, the possibilities of your choice will still remain quite broad.
The most important criterion is that you should like the decoration. Discard all other motives. Do not pay attention to the name of the stone, nor to its momentary popularity. When making a choice, listen to your feelings.
The jewelry that you purchase can become your life partner for many years. Go shopping, see what styles of products and what jewelry stones are offered.
Today, jewelry stores have an extensive assortment of jewelry. Jewelry is not cheap, and we buy them not so often in life. Therefore, it is helpful to understand the variety and know the basic principles of commodity science. Clear goal-setting will avoid an impulsive purchase.
The generally accepted classification of jewelry goods is to combine them into a group for their intended purpose: personal jewelry, toilet articles, smoking accessories, table setting items, writing materials, watches, souvenirs.
Classification by purpose unites a group of goods made of different materials (jewelry made of nickel silver, haberdashery, stone-cutting products) and various techniques (filigree, casting, stamp).
The range of jewelry includes:
- jewelry for hands (rings, bracelets);
- head jewelry (earrings, tiaras);
- neck jewelry (chains, necklaces, necklaces, pendants);
- jewelry for dresses (brooches, hairpins).
Therefore, when choosing in advance, answer yourself what kind of product you want, and decide on its features.
There are many ways to describe jewelry, but all of them, as a rule, contain consideration of the following features of jewelry:
1. Product type (ring, earrings, pendant, etc.).
2. Method of manufacture of the product (serial, exclusive).
3. Manufacturing techniques (casting, manual, chains).
4. Description of the design and general shape.
5. Types of fixing stones (deaf).
6. Technology of connecting parts (movable, monolithic).
7. Type of lock (for earrings, bracelet, brooch).
8. Technology of finishing operations (gloss, matting, etc.).
9. Type of alloy or alloys, sample, alloy color.
10. The weight of the precious metal.
11. Description of the stones (type, features).
12. Size, weight, characteristics of inserts.
13. The price of similar products in other stores.
14. Price (opportunity to get a discount).
Some technological features of modern jewelry are described below. Their careful study will give you more pleasure when choosing jewelry and make its search more purposeful.
Structural details of the jewelry
Each group of jewelry (earrings, brooches, rings) has its own specific design. The basis of the invention is the smallest number of components: for rings - tires, castes; for earrings and brooches - top, constipation. A detailed study of the structure includes information about significant structural elements, including:
1. Frames for stones.
2. Tops, welts.
3. Tires (for rings).
5. Suspensions, links.
Frames for stones
Stones are fixed in frames in different ways. Depending on the method, the following forms of fixings are distinguished:
Blind pinning. The rim completely covers the jeweler's stone and holds it. An openwork pattern can be cut in the frame or any decorative elements present. When evaluating stones, it should be borne in mind that a blind structure can hide chips and various defects on the run diet. In a blind frame made of yellow gold, colorless diamonds look less white, and ruby and emerald look brighter.
Krapanovaya fastening. The most common type of clips. They are very different - with four or six "paws." Crapans can be pointed, rounded, flat, etc. This fastening allows you to open the stone. It is often used for transparent faceted stones.
Channel (rail) fastening. In some cases, a groove with stones runs along the entire circumference of the ring. The stones are inserted into the groove one by one, and nothing separates them.
"Ribbed" fastening. It resembles both a kirpan and a rail fastening at the same time. Combines classic and modern styles. The stones are fixed not with the help of "paws" but with the use of metal strips ("ribs") separating them.
Pinning "pavé." It is used to install many small stones forming a single hole through which the metal is not visible. It seems that the product is as if paved with stones. The frame can have a flat or domed top.
Fastening "faden-grisant" (root). Pinning is used to install small stones. The stone is inserted directly into the hole drilled into the product, and fixed with small burrs raised from the metal and piled on the stone's girdle. Each retaining burr is further given the shape of a ball (corner). In some cases, the surface of the product is engraved.
("faden" is applied). A ribbed pattern is used to the clipped edge - the so-called "grisant."
The top - the central decorating part of the jewelry includes the following details: castes, welts for castes, overlays. The top shape can be around, oval, complex pattern. The pattern on its flat and convex surface is often slotted or soldered. The welt is a contour rim welded to the caste from below. The edge copies all the contours of the caste or the top.
They give the product a decorative look. There are smooth, engraved, stamped, stamped patterns, etc.
It is performed with various cross-section shapes (round, semicircular, oval, rectangular). The width and thickness of the tire are not constant. From the outside, it can be smooth, with enamel, black, embossed, engraved pattern, with places for fixing inserts.
Pendants for earrings, necklaces, pendants, and links of bracelets, can have any shape and size. When describing these elements, it is necessary to pay attention to the type of connection. The most common are link, hinge, and pin connections.
Detection of marriage
Quality control of precious metal products must begin with a check indicating the presence of a stamp, the name of the assay inspection, and the manufacturer's name. These designations should be prominent and not worsen the appearance of the product.
The polished surfaces of the products must be brought to shine. There can be no cracks, shells, burrs on the surface of the products and on the front surfaces - dents, scratches, tool marks, chips, undulations, traces of glue, stains, scuffs that worsen the appearance. More than one pore on personal jewelry is not allowed.
When analyzing the condition of structural parts, it is necessary to pay attention to the high-quality execution of real jewelry. Soldered seams in products should not have burned. Soldering sites must be cleaned by all means. The color of the solder can not differ from the color of the base metal.
The size and shape of the castes must match the size and shape of the inserts.
Methods of fastening should provide the necessary fastening strength of the inserts. The insertion spike should not protrude beyond the caste. In case of krapanov and korner fixing, the krapans and corners should be tightly pressed to the surface of the inserts. With a blind fastening, the caste compresses the insert tightly, ensuring its immobility. The rocking of inserts is excluded. The krapans are necessarily located along the perimeter of the insert with the same pitch or symmetrically. The drawing applied to the product by the method of engraving, embossing, filigree should have a sufficiently clear relief image. On products with black and enamel, the drawing is filled in without gaps and gaps.
Fastener needles in products should be elastic, with pointed ends, without burrs, and not protrude beyond the product.
Articulated joints should be movable, not give a skew, lift, provide flexibility, softness, smoothness in operation. The paired products (earrings, cufflinks) must be identical in shape, size, pattern. Suppose the half-pairs have an asymmetric top design. In that case, they should be paired according to the mirror reflection principle.
Standard jewelry measurement method:
for rings - determination of the inner diameter of the tire (mm);
for earrings, pendants, brooches - determining the size of the base along the long axis (mm);
for bracelets - the inner side of the bracelet (mm), the width of the ground (cm).